28.08.2023 | Redaktor
Jewish students of the Brzesko gymnasium murdered in the Holocaust

Research conducted in several archives allowed to establish that 61 former Jewish students of the Brzesko gymnasium were murdered in the Holocaust 1. Nela Beidner Born in Jadowniki on May 16, 1906, daughter of merchant Beidner/Bruh and Sara nee Brandstatter. Attended gymnasium in 1917-1923; back then she lived together with her family at the Market […]

25.08.2023 | Redaktor
Education of Jewish children in Brzesko

Jewish boys from religious families usually started their education at the age of three. At that time, their parents enrolled them in cheders, i.e. elementary religious schools, where the boys mastered the art of reading and writing for the first two years and later began learning Chumash (the Pentateuch, the five books of Moses). The […]

05.06.2023 | Redaktor
The Bransdorfs from Brzesko

By Henry Benjamin Winkler The English writer, L.P. Hartley, begins his novel, The Go-Between, with the oft-quoted sentence:           The past is a foreign country, they do things differently there. For many Jews of my family and my generation, our past is, literally, in a foreign country.  And, our previous generations did things quite differently. […]

05.06.2023 | Redaktor
Testimony of Leon Epstein: devastation of the old Jewish cemetery

While searching the archives of the Jewish Historical Institute, I found the testimony of Leon (Leib) Epstein, the uncle of the still living Polaniecki brothers. (Polaniecki family, parents and four sons, fled from Brzesko to the Soviet Union at the beginning of the war, thanks to which they managed to survive. After the war, the […]

17.04.2023 | Redaktor
Wojciech Kotfis from Uszew

In 2002-2004, stidents from the Public Secondary School in Uszew, under the supervision of their teacher, Mrs Teresa Czesak, carried out an educational project entitled “Memory Saves Nations”. Within this project, the students researched the story of Uszew resident Wojciech Kotfis and the Jewish Goldberger family who were shot in May 1944. The pupils then […]

07.04.2023 | Redaktor
Franciszek Musiał, father Aleksander Osiecki and Stalmach family

Oskar Haber was born on March8, 1910 in Brzeźnica near Dębica. His parents were orthodox Jews; Oskar had 9 siblings. The family had a farm – horses, cows and a piece of land. They were the only Jewish family in the village. Oskar was a Polish patriot and was happy to serve in the army […]

07.04.2023 | Redaktor
Piotr and Janina Ogonek

Gizela Levy née Epstein was born in Tarnów in 1935. Her parents Sara and Moshe and her younger sister Sabina were murdered by the Germans during the war – the family of the survivor is still trying to establish the circumstances of their death. For some time Gizela was hiding with her aunt Blanka in […]

02.04.2023 | Redaktor
The Mika family from Zaborów

Pawel Mika (1897-1958) lived with his wife Karolina née Majka (1901-1945) and their four children, Stefan (1927-2013) and his 3 younger siblings Genowefa, Maria and Jan, in Zaborów a small village in Brzesko poviat. The house stood far from the center of the village, close to the forest. Already before the war, Karolina was diagnosed […]

18.03.2023 | Redaktor
Jan Wojciech and Maria Flądro from Dębno

In the previous article I wrote about people from the Dębno municipality who helped Jews hiding from the German invaders during the Second World War. Two people were missing on that list – Jan Wojciech and Maria Flądro. This was not a mistake, but a deliberate action, as this couple deserves special attention as they […]

17.03.2023 | Redaktor
Residents of the Dębno commune who helped Jews during the war

While researching the history of Dębno commune in the period  of 1939-1945, one may come across various references or memories concerning help provided by local residents to Jews who were hiding in the area. At the outset, it should be noted that before the outbreak of the war, the Israelites were an indispensable part of […]