Information boards at the Brzesko Jewish cemetery

Information boards erected in 2022 provide data on some of the people buried in the cemetery – those who lived in Brzesko in the 19th and early 20th century, including those who were murdered in the Holocaust.

01 01.Short history of Brzesko Jews and Jewish cemeteries

(Based on the book „Jewish cemetery in Brzesko” by Iwona Zawidzka, Brzesko, 2001; used with permission from the author and the publishing house)  It is difficult to determine the time when Jews first settled in Brzesko (Jews called the city...

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02 02. Mundek and Cyla Strauber

Mundek (Chaim Jakub) Strauber, son of the merchant Israel Ber Strauber and Estera née Bruck, was born on November 3, 1908 in Dolina (now in Ukraine, before the war in the Tarnopol Province in Poland). The family moved to Brzesko,...

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03 04. Jewish teachers

“These commandments that I give you today are to be upon your hearts. Impress them on your children....” (Deut. 6: 6-7) Following this instruction in the Torah, Jews have always taken the education of their children very seriously. Due to this,...

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04 05. Keepers of Jewish community registers

Jewish communities used to maintain their own registers of births, marriages, and deaths, and the registrars who fulfilled that function were held in high esteem.. In Galicia (in the Austrian partition), following the 1868 law, the authorities had to appoint...

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05 06. Shammes Joseph Schmalzer

Each synagogue employed a Shammes (sexton) to manage the building’s facilities. His job included looking after the prayer books, preparing the Torah scrolls for use, lighting candles before the Sabbath, helping the rabbi, and waking men for morning prayers. The...

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06 07. The Sofer Rabbi Eliezer Herbstman

The Hebrew word Sofer refers to a professional scribe who can transcribe  the Torah scrolls used during synagogue services and other religious texts that must be handwritten, such as tefillin and mezuzas. Many scribes also function as calligraphers—writing functional documents...

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07 08. Lipschitz rabbis

The job of a traditional rabbi (the word is from Hebrew רבי, meaning ‘master’or ‘teacher’) is to lead the Jewish religious community, answer questions on religious matters relating to everyday life and Jewish ritual, write religious books, and provide elementary...

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08 11. Henoch Klapholz

Henoch Klapholz, son of Jukel and Liebe, was born in Nowy Sącz on November 3, 1849. By 1867 he  had moved to Brzesko: that year he married Ruchel Kreindel Cellnik, daughter of Isak Mojżesz and Simcha Cellnik from Brzesko. Over...

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09 14. Yehudah Kaufman, Shochet and Mohel

Yehudah (Juda) Kaufman (1839-1923), son of Samuel Leib and Gittla from Zborowa, was one of the most respected Bresko Jews. He was a shochet (ritual slaughterer) and a mohel - for several decades he circumcised all Jewish boys born in...

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